Condition and prospects of the market of trans fatty acids (TFA) in Ukraine and Russia
Fats and oils are the essential component of the human nutrition. However, during the process of modification, vegetable oils and fats, altering their original properties, may acquire some undesirable and even dangerous properties from the point of view of influence on the human body.
In the process of hydrogenation to obtain solid fatty materials (hydrogenated fats) from liquid vegetable oils, there is formed a large variety of trans fatty acids. Numerous studies already provided rather close correlation between the consumption of industrial trans fatty acids and development of cardiovascular diseases.
Based on the proven harmful effect of trans fatty acids on human health, the Food and Agriculture Organization / World Health Organization recommended to reduce the level of consumption of trans-isomers, regardless of their origin, to the level of 1% of daily calorific value of human ration, which corresponds to 2% of the general fat intake.
We present you the study of market of trans fatty acids in Ukraine and Russia.
Bakery, confectionery, dairy and HoReCa industries are the main spheres dealing with fatty acid trans-isomers in Ukraine. Among finish products fatty acid trans-isomers are contained in bakery and confectionery products, fast food, chips, emulsified mayonnaise and souses, chocolate and chocolate products. Production of mentioned products in Ukraine totaled 2.9 mln tonnes in 2012, 2% less than in 2011. Last years the production of these products is rather stable at 3 mln tonnes but has a little downward trend.
Confectionery and chocolate segments of the Ukrainian market of fatty acid trans-isomers products are growing while other segments are stagnating or declining firstly due to poor demographic situation.
Ukraine annually consume 62.5 thsd tonnes of trans fats contained in finished products or 3.75 g/d per capita that is almost 2 times exceeds permitted level. WHO recommends to consume up to 1% of trans-isomers out daily calories amount. If the average Ukrainian person should eat 1700-2000 cal/d the content of trans-isomers should not exceed 2 g/d.
Ukraine imports nearly 5 thsd tonnes of trans-fats as the contents of the end products annually, down 6 times in comparison with the exports.
The tendency of using of fats with the complete absence or low content of trans-isomers involves the active consumption of palm oil and its fractions, which still do not have substitutes. Basing on data of the scientific researches, it may safely be said that that unsaturated fatty acids provide more advantages to the organism than saturated ones and trans isomers. But what is more harmful - saturated fatty acids or trans isomers, we should note that the controversy is still ongoing, but it is impossible to produce solid fats for the food industry without the ingredients. Therefore, if the content of trans-isomers is limited, there is necessary to increase the content of saturated fatty acids, and vice versa.
The usage of palm oil and its fractions allows avoiding the usage of hydrogenated liquid vegetable oils, which inevitably form hazardous industrial trans fatty acids, when used.
Ukraine has its specific character in the segment of fats production: for example, if Western companies use quite significant share of palm oil fractions, then for Ukraine it is rather expensive and economically useless. It is characteristically that the imported product range is narrow enough. Ukraine purchases only the basic commodities - oil, olein, stearin, some products from the lauric group.
However, the country does not only pay attention to the issue of extending the range of applied ingredients from tropical oils, but there is also lobbied the further restrictions on their usage. For example, in 2013 in Ukraine there was registered the parliamentary initiative to impose the ban on usage of palm oil and its fractions in the production of any food commodities. The consequences of the possible imposition of such draft law would include a significant reduction of the imports of tropical oils, and therefore its usage in the food industry, replacing of the major share of the specialized fat-and-oil commodities produced by the Ukrainian enterprises on the base of tropical oils, with the importer commodities, the significant decline of domestic production and profitability of the enterprises. As a result, such situation will increase the prices of the finished products on the market, and as a consequence the end consumer will have to pay for such changes.
In Russian the same as in Ukraine bakery, confectionery, dairy and HoReCa industries are the main consumers of different kinds of fats with fatty acid trans-isomers.
Nowadays bakery, confectionery products are the leaders in total fatty acids trans-isomers products output. Production of bakery products is going down due to lower demand while production of confectionery products is going up due to growing population.
The relative daily consumption of fatty acid trans-isomers in finished products in Russia makes up 2.58 g.
As to the conditional daily imports of trans fatty acids in the finished products in Russia it makes up 24,8 g. The conditional daily exports of trans fatty acids in the finished products makes up 18.4 g.
Taking into account the fact that in day-to-day life we can not completely give up consuming a number of food commodities containing TFAs, and it has rather negative impact on the human health for medical reasons, there rises an issue of replacing the initial raw materials for the production of fats. And palm oil takes the role of the required "substitute".
Therefore, palm oil is the essential raw material for the Russian fat-and-oil industry. The consumption of palm oil and its fractions thereof in conjunction with some liquid oils allows producing unique food commodities, which have positive influence on the health of final consumers.
The industry prospects are closely connected with trends of the market of industrial fats: usage of the technologies which do not modify the content of trans fatty acids - the technologies of transesterification, fractionation, will be the leading ones in the future. Also, to date the significant attention is being paid to the content of unsaturated fatty acids in specialized fats and margarines - omega-3 and omega-6. The optimum ratio of these components is quite necessary for important vital processes of the human organism. It is possible that the trend of healthy nutrition, appearing as one of the main items among the production trends, in the future will lead the enterprises to application of the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, K to the product.
Also, there is forecasted to supply high-quality cocoa butter equivalents on the market, and development of the market of its substitutes. The usage of natural cocoa butter entails a number of technical difficulties related with stability of the supply of cocoa beans, processing of the product, and of course, the producer pricing policy. Also, it is necessary to provide a number of special conditions to work with cocoa butter, but even in such case there is a chance that the qualitative indices of the received products will be unstable. But there are no such problems with the cocoa butter substitutes, the product ensures excellent consumer appeal of the final commodity.
Relevance and urgency of the application of vegetable oils just continue growing. To date there are observed rising trends in almost all spheres of the food industry, and it shows good future for the market of specialty fats and margarines. It is also worth noting that during several recent years there is observed growing of the import volumes of palm oil to the Russian Federation, despite the import duties for the certain commodities.
More detail information about Ukrainian and Russian market of trans fatty acids you can get from the study “Condition and prospects of the market of trans fatty acids (TFA) in Ukraine and Russia” issued by APK-Inform Agency.
To get more detailed information concerning the study please contact:
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