Weather condition

December 19 2013, 14:36 Source: APK-Inform Views: 3200

Impact of weather conditions on the agricultural crop condition in November 2013


Ukraine

 

The average monthly air temperature throughout the major part of the country varied within the range of 5-8.5°C above zero, while in the steppe and Polesian oblasts – +2-3.5°C. In the forest-steppe, Zhytomyr, Rivne, Kirovograd and Chernihiv oblasts the index exceeded the standard level by 4-4.7°C.

The maximum air temperature in the warmest days increased to the level of +17-22°C, in Kherson oblast and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea - +23-25°C.

The minimum air temperature in the coldest nights decreased to -2-8°C, in some areas of Luhansk oblast - -11°C.

The average monthly rain capacity for November in the Crimea, southern, eastern, central (except of Vinnitsa regions) oblasts totaled 11-60% of the monthly standard level (4-25 mm). Throughout the remaining oblasts of the country the monthly precipitation formed 75-120% (35-54 mm) of the standard, in Vinnitsa, Zhytomyr, Khmelnitsky, Chernivtsi and Volyn oblasts - 130-181% of the monthly level (54-76 mm). In November in separate places of Khmelnitsky oblast there were observed more than two monthly precipitation standards.

Due to transition of the average daily temperature to +5°C, in the last days of the month there was observed cessation of active vegetation of winter crops (in nearly 2 weeks later than the average terms), although in the daytime period there were still noted the vital processes of plants.

The agro-meteorological conditions for preparation of winter crops for the hibernation were satisfactory: positive air temperatures in the day and negative ones in the night contributed to hardening of the plants and accumulation of sugars. In the central, north-western and western oblasts the conditions for hardening, accumulation of nutrients and protective substances were unfavorable, due to cloudy weather with a slight diurnal amplitude of air temperature.

The condition of already sprouted crops was mainly good, in certain areas of western, central, southern oblasts and the Crimea - excellent. In a number of areas of the northern and southern oblasts the plants faced diseases, in the Crimea - pest damage to the plants.

 

According to data of the Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Center

 

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