The average yield of grain crops has been declining in Uzbekistan over the last 5 years, declared Sergey Zorya, lead agriculture economist with World Bank within Asia Grains&Oils Conference in Tashkent 2021.
“The yield of wheat exceeded 5 t/ha in 2013 and 2014. Now, it is slightly higher than 4 t/ha” - he said.
The expert noted that the area under wheat remained unchanged over the last 10 years. It was 1.2 mln ha in 2000, 1.4 mln ha in 2010 and remained at 1.4 mln ha in 2016. Today, a system of distribution of crops grants designing of 1.4 mln ha of the arable land for wheat cultivation (overall arable land is 3.7 mln ha).
“At the same time, the dependence of Uzbekistan on grain import increased significantly over this period. In 2000, import of wheat and flour totaled 550 thsd tonnes. It exceeded 1.6 mln tonnes in 2010 and reached 2.6 mln tonnes in 2016”, - S. Zorya added.