Portrait of large-scale grain producer of Russia: South


The Southern region of Russia is one of the most perspective territories of Russia in economic terms, with significant and very diverse natural and raw material potential, qualified human resources, a variety of sectors of industrial and agricultural production, and well-developed infrastructure.

While estimating the geopolitical and geographical position of the Southern region of Russia, it is necessary to stress the following factors:

- the District occupies the most southern part of the territory of European Russia, located in three soil-climatic zones - steppe, semidesert and subtropical, which contributes to cultivation of various agricultural crops, some of which are grown in the reporting Federal District only;

- the Southern region of Russia is located at the junction of four former Soviet republics - Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, has common borders of great length with the countries, the composite transport network - water, motor road, railway, aviation and pipeline - connects southern Russia with these countries.


Taking into account the key role of the region in the economy of the country, the major object of the study "Portrait of large-scale grain producer of Russia: South" is realization of the comparative analysis of provision of agrarians with resources, and formation of the prime cost of plant growing commodities in the medium and large-scale agricultural enterprises of the Southern region.

The reporting study was conducted on the basis of the polling of agricultural producers of the Southern region of Russia by the method of the sample inquiry, and also using data of the official statistics. The sample inquiry method allows receiving information about block of data with significantly less time and money losses.

As the important step during conducting of the sample inquiry, we formed the representative sampling of respondents from the general population. In order to realize the polling, we formed the sampling of companies, where we kept the real structure of agricultural enterprises in the Southern region in accordance with their available sowing areas.

In the study under the term “the Southern region”, first of all, we mean agricultural enterprises of Volgograd and Rostov regions, and Krasnodar and Stavropol Krais. Thus, during several recent years, agricultural enterprises of the reporting regions produce over 90% of grains and 94% of oilseeds in the Southern region of Russia. During several recent years, the general share of the above-mentioned oblasts / Krais in the all-Russian production of grains and oilseeds totals over 30% and over 45%, respectively.

Within frames of the study, APK-Inform questioned 300 medium and large-scale agricultural enterprises of the Southern region. The sampling included medium-sized enterprises with sowing areas under crops of 1500-4000 ha, and larger enterprises cultivating sowing areas of over 4000 ha.

The general land bank of surveyed agricultural enterprises totaled nearly 2 mln ha (or 14% of the general areas of agricultural lands in the regions under study).

Polling of the stated segment was realized during July 2011, using the special program of the Agency - Survey APK (adapted analogue of CATI).


Stages of the study


1. Collecting of the primary data

1.1. Telephone interviews

1.2. Entering of the received data into the program SurveyAPK

The questionnaire contains general and specific information, open and closed questions.

2. Analytical processing of the polling data, statistical data and expert estimations

      1. Conclusions


Plan of the study


      1. General information

1.1. Objectives and methodology of the study

    1. Conception and description of large- and medium-sized agricultural enterprises

2. Provision of agricultural enterprises with resources

2.1. Land resources

2.1.1. Dynamics of changes of the structure of land-use management during recent five years

2.1.2. Technologies of land cultivation

2.1.3. Modern methods of estimation of land qualitative parameters

2.2. Labour resources

      1. Provision with staff

      2. Payment for labour

      1. Expenditures for employee training and education

2.3. Financing

2.3.1. Types and methods of financing of agricultural producers

2.3.2. Preferences of agricultural producers while choosing of sources of financing

2.4. Material and technical resources

2.4.1. Seeds Provision of agricultural producers with seed material Preferences of agricultural producers while choosing seeds and countries of origin Rating of the companies-suppliers of grain and oilseed seed materials

2.4.2. Technical equipment Total characteristics of provision with agricultural machinery Plans of agricultural enterprises on renewal of own agricultural machinery Provision with grain storing capacities Rating of the companies-producers of technical equipment (opinion of agricultural producers)

2.4.3. Fertilizers and plant protecting agents Degree of utilization of mineral, organic fertilizers and plant protecting agents Rating of the companies-producers/ suppliers of mineral fertilizers and plant protecting agents

3. Formation of the prime cost of plant growing commodities

3.1. Concept of profitability and prime cost. Peculiarities of calculation of the cost and profitability in the plant growing industry

3.2. Peculiarities of the prime cost formation. Structure of expenditures

3.3. Methods of reduction of the prime cost indices

3.4 Profitability in the sphere of grains and oilseeds production. Methods of increasing of the profitability

3.5. Main channels of selling of the end products

3.7. Minimization of the production risks



Release date of the English-language variant of the study — October 2011

You can receive preview of the study via the following e-mail: [email protected]

+7 495 789 4419, +38 (0562) 32 15 95 (ext. 115)Elena Nikitina