Exports of grains, veg oils and oilseed by-products from the Ukrainian seaports: results of 2018




According to APK-Inform figures, in 2018 the general volume of the main grains export from the Ukrainian seaports increased by 2% year-on-year. Herewith, we could see a significant rise of the exports of corn that increased by 16% y-on-y, to 19.141 mln tonnes due to the record harvest of the grain in the current season (35.6 mln tonnes according to preliminary figures). The exports of wheat decreased by 6% year-on-year to 1.426 mln tonnes. Barley exports totaled 3.130 mln tonnes, down 21% compared with 2017 results. In the current article, You can see more detailed information about the volumes and structure of exports, and the main events of the ports industry of Ukraine in 2018.


Shipping of main grains through the seaports of Ukraine

According to the monitoring statistics by APK-Inform Agency, in 2018 the general exports of major grains via the Ukrainian seaports totaled 36.525 mln tonnnes, which is 2% higher compared with the previous year results (35.688 mln tonnes with data updated).


Structure of grain exports from the seaports of Ukraine

Grain cargoes

2018, mln tonnes

2017, mln tonnes

2018 to 2017


















During the reporting year, Sea Commercial Port of Mykolaiv became the leader in terms of grains shipments (10.449 mln tonnes, against 8.379 mln tonnes in 2017). Herewith, the biggest year surplus was observed in Ochakov Sea Port (up 40% y-on-y, e.g. 1.739 mln tonnes, against 1.240 mln tonnes).



In view of grains export the leading positions in terms of export shipping among the seaports were taken by:

wheat — Sea Commercial Port of Mykolaiv (4.606 mln tonnes, up 40% y-on-y);

corn — Sea Commercial Port of Mykolaiv (5.416 mln tonnes, up 23% y-on-y);

barley — Commercial Sea Port Yuzhny (0.950 mln tonnes, down 9% y-on-y).



Geography of main grains export though the seaports of Ukraine


The leading importers of Ukrainian wheat in 2018:

— Egypt (3.506 mln tonnes);

— Spain (3.468 mln tonnes);

— Netherlands (2.536 mln tonnes).

If we compare the export volumes in 2018 with 2017 in terms of grain crops, Indonesia was the main importer of wheat (1.704 mln tonnes), corn — Spain (2.675 mln tonnes), and barley — Saudi Arabia (1.146 mln tonnes).


Shipping of oilseed by-products in 2018

According to the monitoring data be APK-Inform Agency, in 2018 the general volumes of oilseeds by-products supplied from Ukraine totaled 6.497 mln tonnes, down 18% compared with 2017. Herewith, the volumes of rapeseed and soybean oils exports increased in nearly 4 and 6 times, respectively. Also, the exports of soybean meal almost doubled.


Structure of oilseed by-products exports from the seaports of Ukraine

Oilseed cargoes

2018, mln tonnes

2017, mln tonnes

2018 to 2017

Sunflower oil




Rapeseed oil




Soybean oil




Sunflower meal




Rapeseed meal




Soybean meal









Sea Commercial Port of Mykolaiv was the leader in terms of products shipping in 2018 — 2.938 mln tonnes.


Export geography of vegetable oils and meal from Ukraine

The main importers of vegetable oils in 2018 were:

— sunflower oil — India (2138 thsd tonnes);

— rapeseed oil — China (25 thsd tonnes);

— soybean oil — India (16 thsd tonnes).



The main export destinations in 2018 were:

— sunflower meal — France (340 thsd tonnes);

— soybean meal — Georgia (53 thsd tonnes);

— rapeseed meal — Spain (13 thsd tonnes).



Key events of the shipping industry of Ukraine in 2018

Despite a slight increase of the grains shipping, even with 16% rise in corn exports, and the significant decline of the oilseeds products of processing shipping there still were events in 2018 that directly influenced the seaport operations, the results of which are to be seen in the future.


According to APK-Inform Agency analysts, the main events during the year were:


The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine decided to launch the Maritime Administration of Ukraine, which is to be responsible for development of the commercial shipping in Ukraine.

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved the projects of development of the Sea Commercial Port Chornomorsk. The general investment volume reached 2 bln hryvnias.


The sixth line of the transloading terminal Avery was put into operation in the Sea Commercial Port of Mykolaiv. Consequently, the general loading capacity of the terminal increased to 1.6 mln tonnes.

According to the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, the general volume of the investments to the projects of the development of the Sea Commercial Port of Mykolaiv will reach 600 mln hryvnias. All the projects are going to be implemented during 2018-2019.

The contractor was determined, responsible for the finishing of the construction of the dock №1-z on the Androsov breakwater in the Commercial Sea Port of Odessa. The company plans to finish all the works in 360 days.


Two pilot build-operate-transfer projects were officially launched for the Kherson Commercial Seaport and SE “Olvia”. The projects are aimed at the attracting of the approximately 45 mln USD in order to stimulate the shipping volumes and 250 mln USD for the construction of the terminal on the territory of SE Olvia.


The Mariupol Sea Port signed a contract with the company Riola module which must put into operation the transshipping terminal in 14 months with the loading capacity nearly 1.5 mln tonnes per year.


The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority joined the ESPO as an observer. The participation is aimed at establishing of the mutually beneficial collaboration with the European partners.


The first launching complex of the grain terminal MV Cargo was officially opened in the Commercial Sea Port Yuzhny. The official opening of the whole terminal is scheduled for the middle of the I quarter of 2019.

The first line of the grain terminal Eurovneshtorg was officially put into operation in the aquatic area of Specialized sea port Oktyabrsk. The planned capacity of the loading of the terminal after the launch is to be 4 mln tonnes of cargoes per year.


The Marine Chamber of Ukraine held the constitutive meeting on which the management of the chamber was elected. Also, at the meeting the priority tasks were set: the creation of the International Ship Register of Ukraine, the renewal of the Ukrainian fleet, the alignment of the system of the training and certification of the sailors in accordance with the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping of Seafarers, the implementation of the single electronic database of the sailors. The specific focus was put on the necessity to lower the port charges at the seaport of Ukraine.


The sanitary and epidemiological inspections of goods in terms of cross-border trade were canceled in accordance with the law adopted № 7010 ”On amendments to the Customs Code of Ukraine and some other legislations of Ukraine concerning the implementation of the mechanism of the “Single Window” and the optimization of the control procedures implementation when moving goods across the customs border of Ukraine”. According to the norms of law, the phytosanitary and veterinary control procedures are to be provided in obedience to the requirements of the country to which the goods are exported across Ukraine.


The investment and strategic plans were approved for the development of the Yuzhnyi Sea Port for 2018-2022. As a result of their implementation by 2025 the port plans to increase the general volumes of goods transshipping by 20 mln tonnes.


Konstantin Zeikin, APK-Inform Agency