Russia: impact of weather on the agricultural crop condition in September 2016

Source

APK-Inform

2394

European part

In the first half of September 2016, in the Central Federal District and most part of the Volga District there was observed rather warm weather conditions. The average daily air temperature was close the standard, or exceeded the index by 1-3°. In the second half of the month, the temperature indices somewhat reduced, and the daily temperature mainly totaled +10...13°C, but on some days in the Volga District the temperature even increased to +17...20°C. In the Northwestern Federal District warm weather conditions dominated in most days of the month, it became cold in the last 3-4 days of September only. In the first half of the month, agrarians provided the mass planting campaign of winter grains in most raions of the reporting Districts, but in the second half agrarians mainly planted grains in southern raions of the Districts. Agrarians continued harvesting grains and industrial crops during whole September. In the first two ten-day periods of the month, the agro-meteorological conditions for grain harvesting works and planting of winter crops were good and satisfactory in western raions of the Northwestern District, western and southern raions of the Central District and south-western half of the Volga District, and rains put on pause such field works for 2-4 days only. In the third ten-day period, grain harvesting conditions somewhat worsened due to rains (10-20 mm, in some southern raions of the Central District - 30-40 mm) in terms of low air temperature and high humidity. In the south-west of the Volga District there were heavy rains in the third ten-day period of September - 50-60 mm, in some raions there was observed waterlogging of topsoil layers, which slowed down the field work. In some northeastern raions of the Central District and north-western half of the Volga District, in the first half of the month there were heavy rains (40-60 mm), in several raions for 10-12 days or more there was observed dangerous agro-meteorological phenomenon - waterlogging of topsoil layers, which suspended field works. Generally, in September the harvesting rates and planting campaign of winter crops in the reporting Districts were the same as last year. By the end of the month, winter crops areas were in various phases - from sprouting to tillering, depending on the planting dates. The condition and moisture content of plants were mostly good. In the Central Black Earth Region and the Middle Volga Region there were unharvested fields of sugar beet which still continued its growth. Also, in the reporting month there was insufficient heat for growth and development of winter crops.

In most raions of the Southern and North Caucasian Federal Districts there were moderately warm (+24...28°C in daytime) and mainly dry weather conditions, which continued keeping until September 18-21. The weather conditions for harvesting of late grains, industrial crops and vegetable crops were rather favorable, but in Krasnodar Krai and some northern raions of the Republic of Crimea and Rostov oblast, as well as some raions in the North Caucasian Republics, they worsened due to rains for 2-3 days (20-25 mm or more). In the third ten-day period of September, most raions of the Southern District and western raions of Stavropol Krai faced frequent and strong rains (35-45 mm, in some raions - 50 mm or more). The weather conditions for harvesting works were rather unfavorable and bad. Only in eastern raions of Stavropol Krai, most raions of the Republics of Crimea, Kalmykia and Dagestan, where rains were quite small (3-12 mm), the weather conditions were favorable for harvesting works. In the first half of September, in the northern half of the Southern District agrarians continued planting winter crops, and there were sprouts at some fields in the second ten-day period of the month. In the second half of the month, agrarians started planting winter crops in most remaining raions. The condition and moisture content of plants in the raions was mostly good. In the east of Stavropol Krai and the Republic of Kalmykia, where precipitations were poor in September, the moisture reserves in the soil remained at the minimum level.

In most raions of the European part of the Russian Federation, the agro-meteorological conditions will be mostly satisfactory for ending of the harvesting campaign in October. The weather conditions for vegetation of winter crops for the harvest-2017 will be good and satisfactory.

 

Asian part

In early September, in most agricultural raions of the Ural Federal District the weather conditions were much warmer than usual. The average daily air temperature exceeded the standard by 4-7°, while the maximum temperature rose to +20...26°C. Then, the temperature indices dropped, and until September 20 the maximum temperature figures usually rose to +14...16°C. But on some days in the north of the District the indices reached +10...12°C only, due to rains almost every day (25-30 mm, and 50-80 mm or more in the north of the District). The weather conditions for continuation of the harvesting works and ending of the planting campaign of winter grains due to rains, and waterlogged topsoil layers in some raions, were quite unfavorable. On September 21-22, the weather became warmer than usual, and such weather kept until the end of the month. The average daily air temperature exceeded the standard by 2-3°, and on some days in the north the index grew by 5-7°. The level of precipitations was minimum, and in southern and eastern raions of the District there were no rains. The weather conditions for harvesting of grain crops somewhat improved. The agro-meteorological conditions for growth and development of winter crops in September were mostly favorable, heat and moisture content of plants was sufficient. Only on some days (mostly in the second half of the month) heat provision for plant growth was not enough. At the end of the month, winter grain areas were in various phases - from sprouting to tillering, depending on the planting dates. In Western Siberia, there was much warmer weather than usual in most days of the month. The average daily air temperature exceeded the standard by 3-5°, and on some days - up 6-8°, while the maximum temperature grew to +23...28°. Only during last five days of the month, the temperature decreased (+15...18°C in daytime), but the average daily temperature varied within the standard terms (down 1-2° compared with the standard on some days). The level of precipitations was not enough, and the weather conditions for harvesting works and ending of the planting campaign of winter crops were generally favorable. Also, the weather conditions were good for sprouting, growth and development of winter crops, etc. Moisture provision of plants was mainly sufficient. The index somewhat reduced only in some southern raions of Novosibirsk oblast, and western raions of Altai Krai.

In the beginning of the month in Eastern Siberia, and on some days in late September, the weather conditions were colder than usual. The average daily air temperature decreased by 2-5° compared with the standard, and the maximum temperature did not exceed +12...17°C. In the periods of September 5-6 and September 22-23, the average air temperature increased by 3-5° compared with the standard, and on some days – up 6-8°, while the maximum temperature rose to +20...25°C. The level of precipitations in most raions was rather small, and the weather conditions for harvesting works were mostly good. Only in Zabaykalsky Krai in the first half of the month, and in the Republics of Khakassia and Tyva in late September, the weather for harvesting campaign worsened due to heavy rains. In September, in southern agricultural raions of the Far East the warm weather dominated. There were rains for almost half of the month in some raions, which caused waterlogging of topsoil layers and paused the harvesting campaign.

In most agricultural raions of the Asian part of Russia, the agro-meteorological conditions for the grain harvesting campaign will be mostly satisfactory, as well as the conditions for vegetation of winter grains for the harvest-2017.

 

According to the Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia

http://meteoinfo.ru

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